Is Bread Vegan? Everything You Need To Know

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A loaf of bread sliced on a kitchen table.

Is Bread Vegan | Vegan Bread Types | Non-Vegan Bread Types | How To Buy | Brands | bottom line | FAQs

If you’re following a vegan diet, it’s important to understand what ingredients and products are used in making bread. 

In this article, we’ll discuss what it means for bread to be vegan, how to identify vegan bread, and which ingredients to avoid when looking for vegan bread.

Is bread vegan?

Yes, most types of bread are vegan. Bread is typically made with four simple ingredients water, flour, salt, and yeast. All of these are vegan.

Yeast [1]ScienceDirect: Yeast is an ingredient used in bread to help it rise, giving it a light and fluffy texture.

While some people may mistake nutritional yeast for an animal product, it is, in fact, a microscopic fungus, not an animal. Since yeast is not an animal and consuming it involves no animal exploitation, yeast is considered vegan food [2]Peta: What Is Nutritional Yeast? How Will It Change You?.

However, some types of bread may contain non-vegan ingredients such as eggs, milk, or butter.

For instance, some types of bread contain non-vegan flavor additives or sweeteners like honey and refined sugars. Therefore, not all bread types are vegan, and knowing which bread suits your diet and preferences is essential.

Types of bread vegans can eat

Whether you’re looking for vegan sandwich breads, types of bread for toast, or even breadcrumbs, there are vegan options available. Here is a list of types of vegan bread:

1. Whole wheat bread

Whole wheat bread is made from flour that contains all three parts of the wheat kernel: the bran, germ, and endosperm.

This type of bread is usually denser and nuttier than white bread, and it’s also packed with vitamins and minerals like iron, magnesium, and selenium. 

Whole wheat bread in its basic form contains no non-vegan ingredients. It is, therefore, a hearty, nutritious, vegan option.

2. Ezekiel bread

Ezekiel bread is made from sprouted grains and contains no added sugars or preservatives. It’s also high in protein and fiber, making it a filling and nutrient-rich option.

3. Sourdough bread

Sourdough bread is a healthy vegan-friendly bread. It is made by fermenting dough with yeast or bacteria. This fermentation process gives sourdough its distinctive tangy flavor and slightly chewy texture.

4. Pita bread

This type of vegan bread is traditionally made from wheat flour, water, yeast, and salt, making it a vegan-friendly option.

Whether you are making a sandwich or a pita pocket, pita bread is always a good choice.

5. Rye bread

Rye bread is a type of bread made with rye flour. It typically contains other vegan-friendly ingredients like wheat flour, water, yeast, and salt.

Rye bread is denser and darker than other types of bread, and it has a slightly sour and nutty flavor.

6. Kosher bread

Kosher bread is a Jewish bread made without leavening agents like yeast or baking soda and usually contains matzo meal or flour instead of wheat flour.

Because Jewish dietary laws do not permit mixing dairy and meat, many kosher types of bread are dairy-free to allow different toppings. However, not all kosher bread is vegan, and some contain non-vegan ingredients like eggs.

7. Ciabatta bread

Ciabatta means “slipper” in Italian—a fitting name for this long, narrow loaf of bread with a crispy crust and fluffy interior.

While traditional ciabatta contains eggs, there are plenty of delicious vegan versions made with olive oil or vegetable shortening instead.

8. Bagel bread

Bagel is a type of bread that is boiled before being baked. This unique cooking method gives bagels their characteristic chewy texture.

There are plenty of vegan bagel options available. However, vegans should be careful to watch out for egg bagels that are often found in bakeries.

9. Baguette bread

Baguettes are long French bread that is typically made from wheat flour, water, yeast, and salt. This makes them vegan-friendly in their most basic form.

These breads have a crispy crust and a chewy interior, making them perfect for sandwiches or dipping in soup.

Note: Although most of these bread types are vegan, they also come in different variations with different ingredients. Make sure to check the label and ingredients list to be sure.

Types of bread vegans should avoid

Not all types of bread are vegan; some may contain animal-derived ingredients like eggs, milk, or clarified butter. Here is a list of non-vegan bread:

1. Naan bread

Naan is a type of soft, leavened flatbread that is traditionally made with all-purpose flour, water, yeast, milk, and clarified butter. This bread is not vegan because it contains animal-derived ingredients.

2. Brioche bread

This brioche is not vegan as it contains animal-derived ingredients. It is a type of rich, egg-enriched yeast bread. This bread is generally used for French toast or as an accompaniment for savory dishes.

3. Challah bread

Challah is a type of egg bread that is popular in Jewish cuisine. This bread is made with white flour, water, eggs, yeast, and sugar or honey.

While some challah breads are vegan, most contain eggs and are unsuitable for a vegan diet.

What to look for in vegan bread?

When you are on a strict vegan diet, you need to be careful about what kind of bread you eat. Here are some tips on how to choose the best vegan bread:

Look for ingredients

One most obvious way to identify vegan bread is to check the label. If a bread label contains any non-vegan ingredients, it’s not vegan.

Here are ingredients that are commonly found in non-vegan bread:

  • Butter
  • Cream
  • Eggs
  • Honey
  • Refined sugars
  • Milk

Be aware of less obvious non-vegan ingredients

Most of the above-mentioned non-vegan ingredients are quite obvious. However, there are some less obvious non-vegan ingredients that you need to be aware of.

  • Milk protein: Whey and casein are the most common milk proteins found in bread. Some brands add these proteins to increase protein content and shelf life.
  • L-cysteine: An amino acid that is often derived from animal feathers. It is used as a dough-softening agent in some commercial bread brands.
  • Gelatin: A protein derived from the collagen of animals, often used as a thickener.
  • Mono and diglycerides: [3]ScienceDirect: Mono- And Diglycerides of Fatty Acids These fatty acids are used as food additives. They are often added to bread as emulsifiers to improve texture and prolong the shelf life of bread. They can be plant-derived but are often of animal origin.
  • Lecithin: A fat that is often derived from animal or plant tissues. It’s used as an emulsifier in some commercial bread types to preserve their moisture. Many companies are now exploring the use of soy lecithin instead of its animal-derived counterpart. Studies on the use of soy lecithin [4]National Library of Medicine: Effect of total replacement of egg by soymilk and lecithin on physical properties of batter and cake show a significant impact on the texture of bakery foods, some manufacturers still use animal-derived lecithin. This is because animal-derived lecithin is cheaper and more effective in emulsifying fats.

List of vegan bread brands

Here is a list of popular vegan bread brands you can find at your local grocery store

  • Dave’s Killer Bread
  • Food For Life
  • Rudi’s Organic
  • La Tortilla Factory
  • Nature’s Own Bread Company

The bottom line

Bread is a staple in many dietary cultures around the world. While most bread is vegan, some types of bread have animal-derived ingredients. When following a vegan diet, check the label and ingredient list of bread products to ensure they are vegan. With a little effort, finding vegan bread that suits your taste and dietary needs is not difficult.


Here are the most commonly asked questions about bread and its vegan status:

Can vegans eat bread?

Yes, vegans can eat bread. However, not all types of bread are vegan-friendly. Be sure to check the label and ingredients list.

Is sourdough bread vegan?

Most sourdough bread is vegan. However, some bakeries add milk or butter to their sourdough bread, so be sure to check the label.

Is french bread vegan?

French bread is typically vegan. It is made with flour, water, salt, and yeast. Sometimes, bakeries will add milk to the dough or butter on the crust, so it is always best to check with the bakery beforehand. There are also vegan versions of french bread that can be found at some health food stores.

Is potato bread vegan?

Yes, potato bread is vegan. Most bread is made with wheat flour, water, yeast, and salt, which are all vegan ingredients. It is a great source of carbs and fiber and can be enjoyed as part of a vegan diet.

Is yeast vegan?

Yes, yeast is vegan. It is a single-celled organism that lives in water and eats sugar. Yeast is often used as a leavening agent in bread and other baked goods.

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